Drug Allergy Evaluations Are Better Conducted by Experts in This Profession

Drug Allergy Evaluations Are Better Conducted by Experts in This Profession

Drug allergies are an abnormal reaction of your immune system to any medication either over-the-counter, prescription, or herbal. However certain medications are more likely to induce a drug allergy than the others.

The most common symptoms and signs of a drug allergy include fever, rashes or hives but serious reactions including a life-threatening condition can also be caused to affect multiple body systems.

The side-effect of a drug that may be listed on the label cannot be considered similar to a drug allergy. It is also different from drug toxicity which is caused by an overdose of the medication.

The Symptoms of Drug Allergy

It only takes an hour for the signs and symptoms of a serious drug allergy to become evident after the drug is ingested. Some reactions like rashes can occur hours, days, and even weeks after. Some of the signs and symptoms of a drug allergy may include skin rash, itching, hives, fever, shortness of breath, swelling, runny nose, wheezing, and itchy and watery eyes.

A rare condition known as anaphylaxis is a life-threatening reaction to a drug allergy which causes widespread dysfunction of the systems of the body. The signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis are as follows:

  • Tightening of the airways and throat to cause trouble when breathing.
  • Vomiting and diarrhea.
  • Abdominal cramps or nausea.
  • Lightheadedness or dizziness.
  • Hypotension.
  • Rapid or weak pulse.
  • Loss of consciousness.
  • Seizure.

Alternative Conditions Resulting from Allergy to a Drug

Drug allergy reactions that are less common can occur days or weeks after exposure to allergy-causing drugs. These may persist for some time even after you stop ingesting the drug. These conditions may include:

  • Serum sickness.
  • Drug-induced anemia.
  • Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS).
  • Inflammation of the kidneys.

When to Contact a Doctor?

Emergency medical help must be sought by calling 911 if you experience any signs of a severe reaction or suspected anaphylaxis after you ingest a medication. If you are experiencing milder symptoms of a drug allergy you must see your doctor as soon as possible.

Diagnosing a Drug Allergy

The patient must have an accurate diagnosis of the drug allergy to be conducted. Research suggests that drug allergies may be overdiagnosed or that patients may report reactions that have never been confirmed. Drug allergies that are misdiagnosed may result in the use of inappropriate medication or expensive drugs.

Drug allergists in San Tan Valley will conduct physical examinations and ask questions about the onset of the symptoms, the time when the medication was ingested, any improvement or worsening of the symptoms which are helpful hints for assisting the allergists to make a diagnosis. They may also conduct allergy skin testing by administering a tiny quality of the suspected drug into the skin with a small needle that scratches the skin, an injection or a patch. A positive reaction to the test will cause an itchy, red, or raised bump. It also suggests that the patient may have a drug allergy.

Results of the Diagnostic Tests

When the doctor analyzes the symptoms and the results of the test he or she can usually reach one among the following three conclusions:

  • The patient has a drug allergy.
  • The patient is not allergic to any drugs.
  • A drug allergy may be present but with varying degrees of certainty.

These conclusions can help you and your doctor to make treatment decisions thereafter.

Treating Drug Allergies

Any treatment offered for a drug allergy will require interventions that can be divided into two general strategies:

  • Treatment for the allergy symptoms being displayed.
  • Treatment that may permit the patient to continue taking an allergy-causing drug if it is medically essential.

Treating the Existing Symptoms

The following interventions may be considered when treating existing symptoms of an allergic reaction.

  • Withdrawal of the drug. This is the first step in the treatment if your doctor believes you have a drug allergy which in many cases may be the only intervention necessary.
  • Prescribe antihistamines or even over-the-counter medications like Benadryl that can block immune system chemicals activated during the allergic reaction to function as allergy antibodies.
  • Anaphylaxis requires an injection of epinephrine along with hospital care to maintain blood pressure and support breathing.

Treating drug allergies requires intervention from an expert like penicillin allergies treatment in Queen Creek because the treatment requires an accurate diagnosis because of the uncertainties involved with the testing as well as with the results that may either be overdiagnosed or underdiagnosed.